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Chief archaeologist Wellington Lage says his company was hired by Brazilian construction giant MRV to conduct a routine impact study on the site, which was once known as Rose Farm but is now the Chacara Rozane archaeological site. While researching the site, Wellington discovered that this was not the first time human bones had been found there - he learned that a human jawbone had been discovered in 1991 and that interesting artefacts had been found in the area since the 1970s.



Archaeologists have unearthed 43 skeletons and more than 100,000 ancient artefacts in Brazil / Photo: IPHAN

But he had no idea that his team, which grew to 27 people, would eventually uncover a treasure trove left by various civilisations dating back to up to 9,000 years ago. The team says they have unearthed the top layer of artefacts left behind by the Tupinamba people, who lived in the region when European colonisers arrived in what is now San Luis as early as 1612.


The Tupinamba people lived in large villages with populations ranging from 400 to 1600 people. Fish, cassava, and corn were among their staples, but they were also likely cannibals.

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