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Tarka Sastra Malayalam Pdf 23


Nyaya is related to several other concepts and words used in Indian philosophies: Hetu-vidya (science of causes), Anviksiki (science of inquiry, systematic philosophy), Pramana-sastra (epistemology, science of correct knowledge), Tattva-sastra (science of categories), Tarka-vidya (science of reasoning, innovation, synthesis), Vadartha (science of discussion) and Phakkika-sastra (science of uncovering sophism, fraud, error, finding fakes).[18] Some of these subsume or deploy the tools of Nyaya.




tarka sastra malayalam pdf 23



The Nyaya school of Hinduism developed and refined many treatises on epistemology that widely influenced other schools of Hinduism. Nyaya treated it as theory of knowledge, and its scholars developed it as Pramana-sastras. Pramana, a Sanskrit word, literally is "means of knowledge". It encompasses one or more reliable and valid means by which human beings gain accurate, true knowledge.[32] The focus of Pramana is how correct knowledge can be acquired, how one knows, how one doesn't, and to what extent knowledge pertinent about someone or something can be acquired.[6][33]


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37. Sivakarnamruta :This is a work written in prose with the idea of reestablishing the superior greatness of Lord Siva. This work comprises of two parts, viz., the arguments against the thesis sought to be proved traditionally called the Purvapaksha and the replies thereto traditionally called theSamadhana. The work has been written in the manner of sastra vakyartha, which is very common in the traditional method of theological disputation.


45. Siva Mahima Kalikastuti :This is a work in 25 verses praising Lord Siva. By handling the slesha or the technique of using words and phrases that can be interpreted in two different manners, the author is able to expound in this work some of the principles of mimamsa. Sri Dikshita himself must have written a commentary or vyakhya on this, since the verse, as they exist today, could not be fully understood without a commentary, as the intricate details of the mimamsa sastra have all been brought forward in this work by means of similes. Moreover, in this work all the details of Ishti, pasu, etc. given in the karmakanda, all details of yagas like the Soma yaga, and the upasana of Lord Siva as given in the gnanakanda have been explained as per the rules of mimamsa, with slesha alankara. Hence a commentary is very essential to grasp the correct meaning of this. This Stuti, in addition to explaining the Vedantic truths, is also replete with the rules of purva-mimamsa. Vedanta is described as the divine parijata tree here.The idea is that like the Parijata which is the tree of Devas and which grows in the Nandanodyana and which fulfils all desires, so does Vedanta which gives to a devotee all the purusharthas. This Stuti can be compared to a bouquet made of Parijata flowers. The fragrance that emanates is the Purva mimamsa rules. Without a knowledge of them Vedanta cannot really be understood. Hence this is said to contain the essence of both the systems of thought.


61. Kuvalayananda :This is also a very well-known and a standard text on the alankara sastra which teaches arthalankara. All the old treatises on the subject have been analysed and re-edited by the author, and the entire work was written in a very pleasing and clear manner with the help of examples and introducing some new alankaras also. Students of alankara generally read the Kuvalayananda as the first standard work. This has two commentaries on it, one called the Chandrika and the other called Rasika Ranjani.


62. Chitra Mimamsa :This is an elaborate descriptive work with full examples of the Lakshana of the more important Arthalankaras. Following this pattern, Sri Jagannadha Pandita wrote his famousRasagangadhara. The Chitra Mimamsa has been written in the traditional sastraic manner.


71 and 72. Durga Chandra kala stuti and its commentary :This durgastuti is like a mantra sastra designed to avert poverty, fear from enemies, fear from death, several difficulties, several unanticipated disasters etc., for devotees and is in fifteen verses. The Devi mahatmya and the other anecdotes about the devi given in Varahapurana, Harivamsa, Bhagavata etc., are given in condensed form in this work. Traditionally the descendents of Sri Appayya Dikshita do the japa of this work during their Sandhya worship.


Namaste jonathan.I am looking for a book named Vyasaraja abhyudaya authored by Sri vijayeendra tirtha or Sri Sudheendra tirtha( author is not confirmed).And vyasarajavijaya by Sri vijayeendra tirtha.Sattarkavilasa by Sri vyasatirtha.Vedantasarasangraha khandana by Sri Vyasateertha.Are these books available with you ? Or where can I find them? Pls guide me.


Hi. Am Madhav from India.Am looking for a book named vyasaraja abhyudaya by Sri vijayeendra teertha and a book named Vyasarajavijaya by Sri vijayeendra teertha. And a book named sattarkavilasa by Sri vyasareertha. Are these books available here. Or where can I find it?


Thank you for your questions. The Library of Congress does not have manuscript or print copies of the works about which you asked: Vyasarajabhyudaya, Vyasarajavijaya, Sattarkavilasa, and Vedantasarasangraha khandana. I also cannot locate print copies at other libraries on WorldCat ( ), a website that aggregates the catalogs of many libraries around the world. While time does not permit me to do an exhaustive search for these titles, it should be noted that some texts exist only as references in other works. That said, WorldCat does not fully index many South Asian libraries, including manuscript collections.


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